Eye Infections & Pink Eye Information Including Remedies

There are many forms of eye infection but many of them are commonly referred to
as sore eyes. The most common ones are actually called conjunctivitis,
periorbital cellulitis, Trauma and Stye. Other causes of eye infection are
foreign bodies or chemicals in the eye.

Conjunctivitis (pink eye) may be viral or bacterial, and usually comes with a
cold. The eye start to become reddish or yellowish discharge appears. This
can usually be cured with antibiotic eye drops.

Someone with periorbital cellulitis has swollen and red tissue around the eye
caused by bacterial infection. This could be due to a cold complication or an
irritation to the eye caused by scratches, excessive rubbing, or insect bites.

Eye Trauma can be caused by a significant injury to the eye, caused by some
small or sharp object.

A stye is a mild infection and swelling of the glands on the eyelid margin.
Treatment to this condition consists of applying warm compress to the eye.

Common symptoms of eye infections are itchiness in the surrounding
are of the eye. There is also a redness of the eye caused by the inflammation
of the conjunctiva (a membrane). sometimes, the infection causes tears.

The discharge brought about by viral or bacterial infection is a salty
mucous-like substance. When these discharges harden, they resembles large
grains of salt.

Eye infections can can be easily transmitted. Persons with eye infections
are advised to stay in isolation, avoiding unnecessary physical contact with
other persons. Contamination can easily occur, and happens through
touch–that is, eye to hand then hand to eye contamination. Viral and
bacterial infection can easily be transmitted through the hands. When an
individual rubs the sore eye, there is a high chance of some of the virus and
bacteria to settle in the hands. Since the hand is used to touch things, it
is easy to transfer the virus or bacteria to the environment. Thus, it
becomes easier for other persons who touch the same things to also contract
the virus or bacteria. It is not advisable to share eating utensils with
persons who have eye infection.

Persons who have eye infection use shades when they meet other people.
The reason for this is that many persons consider the red-eyed look to be not
so appealing.

The recommended supplements for persons with eye infection are vitamins A and
C, Colloidal Silver, Zinc, and Chamomile. Vitamin A is known to be good for the development of
good eyesight and other eye functions. Vitamin C helps the body to fight
infection. One may take Zinc, at moderate levels, to protect retinal
cells from damages caused by antioxidants. Professional medical
advice, however, may be necessary if one intends to take zinc supplements
particularly targeted for the health of the eyes. Colloidal Silver is considered a natural antibiotic.

Some Important Information About Heart Attack Treatment

Heart attack is caused due to the low supply of oxygen to the heart muscles or the cardiac muscles which causes death of the cardiac muscles or a permanent damage, resulting into heart failure. This could happen to anyone and at any time. People most susceptible to heart ailments are those with high cholesterol, diabetics, old aged people, those under trauma or severe stress, obese people, people with a very sedentary lifestyle, individuals with inflammatory diseases of arteries. Hereditary factors also play a role in increasing chances for a person to have a heart attack.

All said and done, the few most important things one needs to do when ever heart attack symptoms are identified is to give the right first aid to the patient, before any medical assistance arrives. There are some important once we shall discuss. Fist and foremost, the patient needs to relax and come out of stress. All tight clothes must be loosened, medicines like aspirin are given so that any clot in the blood so that there is a proper flow of blood to the heart. In case the pain does not subside within 2-3 minutes, then one must rush to the doctor. CPR should be given to the patient in the mean time to revive the heart.

Basic heart attack treatment is available in all hospitals, whether big or small. Most of them start with doing an ECG, which tells how the heart is functioning. Thrombolytic Medicines – also called by clot busters are given because they dissolve blood clots that are blocking the coronary arteries. Beta blockers – reduce heart rate and blood pressure by dilating blood vessels. Thus decrease the workload on the heart and so relieve chest pain. Anticoagulants – blood thinning medication, prevents blood clot from forming in the arteries. Aspirin and Clopidogrel A – an Anti-platelet medication, stops platelets in blood cells to join together and forming undesirable clots.

Besides these heart attack treatment, there are many surgical procedures that are followed, in case medicines are not enough or the case is too severe. All the procedures intend the same, that is to clear the arteries from any blocks, so that blood can flow easily and freely to the heart. Some of the heart attack treatment are Coronary Angioplasty which is a non-surgical procedure used to open blocked coronary arteries. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting where arteries or veins are surgically taken from other parts of the body and placed around blocked coronary to bypass the blocked coronary arteries. This makes a new route for proper blood flow to the heart muscle.

Head Trauma and Brain Injury – Learn What to Do Before It Happens

Perhaps it’s a motorcycle accident, or even a car accident. Or suddenly hit by an object. Maybe someone carried out an assault. Or it could come from being too close to a blast that causes a sudden pressure change inside the head. Any way it happens, traumatic brain injury occurs far too often. It’s estimated that in the US there are about 1.7 million occurrences. The chances are, therefore, that it will affect you, either directly or indirectly.[I]

The thing is, the injury could be really serious even though nothing much appears wrong on the outside. That’s why it pays to have some facts at hand for assessing how serious it might be. Whether mild or deadly, the bottom line is that getting the appropriate help as quickly as possible means a speedier and more complete recovery.

How Does Brain Trauma Take Place?

The analogy of an egg can give you an idea of how serious brain damage can take place without much – or even any – outward sign of damage. Think of the cranium – all the bones that hold the brain – as being like the shell of an egg with the brain like the yolk inside the egg. When traumatized, the outer cranium/shell may remain intact, but inside, the brain/ egg yolk can be violently displaced as it is thrown within the white of the egg, or the cerebral spinal fluid.

What Should You Do Immediately?

First, you need to call 911 – or get someone to call 911 and get an ambulance on the way immediately if the injured person has:

Blood or clear fluids coming from the ears or nose;

Slurred speech;

Unconsciousness, confusion, dizziness, or drowsiness;

Unequal pupil size or blurred or double vision.

Do not move the person’s head, as they may have a broken neck and you could cause them to stop breathing or become paralyzed from moving it. Instead if you have something cold, put it next to their head WITHOUT MOVING THEIR HEAD.

Then, assuming it’s someone else and not you who’s injured, you can help to a great extent by letting emergency personnel know the extent of the injury even before they arrive on the scene. Research has demonstrated that the more quickly an injured person is assessed and appropriate emergency treatment given, the better the outcome down the road.

If you’re talking to emergency personnel on a cell phone before they arrive, here’s some of what they will want to know. In addition to whether or not the person is breathing, it will help them to know:

  • The person’s eye opening response: do they open their eyes spontaneously, do they blink, respond with their eyes to verbal stimuli, command or speech, only to pain, or no eye response.
  • How do they respond to verbal input: do they seem oriented? Confused in their conversation even though they have the ability to respond to questions, do they answer inappropriately or with incomprehensible speech, or give no response?
  • What is their motor response? Can they obey a command for movement (such as can you lift your finger, stick out your tongue, etc.), do they move purposefully in response to pain, do they withdraw from pain, flex in response to pain, extend their body in response to pain or give no response?

The answers to these questions are ones that can tell professionals the part of the brain may be injured, the extent and severity of the insult, and the depth of injury, for example, and whether the person’s head injury is minor, moderate or severe.[ii]

Aftereffects of a traumatic brain injury:

Once the emergency is taken care of and the person is medically stable, they may have been discharged from the hospital and told they can go on with their normal life. But that doesn’t mean the traumatic brain injury problems are done. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the signs and symptoms of a TBI “can be subtle and may not appear until days or weeks following the injury or may even be missed as people may look fine even though they may act or feel differently.

The following are some common signs and symptoms that the traumatic brain injury is still an issue:

Headaches or neck pain that do not go away;

Difficulty remembering, concentrating, or making decisions;

Slowness in thinking, speaking, acting, or reading;

Getting lost or easily confused;

Feeling tired all of the time, having no energy or motivation;

Mood changes (feeling sad or angry for no reason);

Changes in sleep patterns (sleeping a lot more or having a hard time sleeping);

Light-headedness, dizziness, or loss of balance;

Urge to vomit (nausea);

Increased sensitivity to lights, sounds, or distractions;

Blurred vision or eyes that tire easily;

Loss of sense of smell or taste; and

Ringing in the ears.”

If these symptoms are taking place, it’s time to get to appropriate health professionals who can provide the ongoing care necessary to bring about further recovery and healing. This may take the form of targeted nutritional support, massage and/or chiropractic care, herbs, physical therapy or homeopathy.

As judgment and decision-making are affected as part of the injury, others may need to play an active role in seeing to it that these treatment options are found and instigated. That’s because the very after-effects of the injury can play against the injured person finding these options, making the appointments and remembering to show up for them.

The bottom line is that the sooner these are put in place, the more likely it is that the person will be able to fully recover.

[I] Corrigan JD, Selassie AW, Orman J A. “The epidemiology of traumatic brain injury”, Journal of Head Trauma Rehab. 2010;25 (2): 72 – 80.

[ii] This information is part of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), which is based on verbal performance, motor responsiveness, and eye opening to the appropriate stimuli. Source: CDC. Mass Casualties. Available at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/masscasualties.